It all depends on the employer or to be specific on the clients/project demand. In few organizations, it is the demand of client/project which makes a BA switch roles from Functional to Technical or vice-versa and few organizations look for only a functional or a technical BA.

So here comes the question – What does a Functional BA do?
A functional business analyst would –

  • Interact with client(s) and other stake holders.
  • Gets involved in scoping and drafting of the business requirements (including change requests).
  • Convert the gathered requirements to high-level work-flow.
  • May use the Use cases, create mock-ups and test scenarios.
  • Perform functional testing, if required.

In this role, there will always be certain dependency on Technical guys. A Functional BA would chase them to check if the feature exists, understand certain feature behavior in the software.

Now comes the tasks of a Technical BA:
A technical business analyst would –

  • Interact with client(s) and other stake holders.
  • Gets involved in scoping and drafting of the business requirements (including change requests).
  • Convert the gathered requirements to high-level work-flow.
  • Look if the feature is a new, if not then check what has to be enhanced for the new request.
  • Debug and find out the behavior of a feature.
  • Identify at higher level what needs to be done, what all code is getting affected and what needs to be created/enhanced (it could be a procedure, batch, trigger, database or a UI change).
  • Write a Technical Specification document, giving insight to the Developers on what needs to be done.
  • May use the Use cases, create mock-ups and test scenarios.
    Functional testing, if required.

Now you may ask which of these two roles is better or best. I would say both are good. One should see both the sides and being technically involved in something is not going to hurt your career.

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